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How to Tell if Bearded Dragon is Male or Female?

How to tell if bearded dragon is male or female?

Using a flashlight, look at the base of the tail, above and below the upper vents. For male, the two unilateral protrusions mentioned above should be evident. If it is a female, you'll notice only a single central overhang, not two.

    If you are keeping a bearded dragon as a pet, the first thing you need to know is whether the bearded is male or female.

    On the other hand, recognizing the gender of a Bearded Dragon is much more difficult than it looks. Bearded dragons do not have externally dimorphic markers to simplify gender identification.

    Physically, bearded dragons are sexually dimorphic, and their sex can be determined when they are young. Male and female bearded dragons are nearly identical in size and shape. It's not a simple task, but there are a few things that can help you differentiate between male and female.

    It is not difficult to distinguish between male and female bearded dragons for future breeding. Unskilled bearded dragon pet owners will need a longer time to determine the gender of a bearded dragon, but male and female sex identification can begin as early as one week. At 8 to 11 weeks of age, they can have sex with animals with confidence.

    You might be thinking, "Well, that shouldn't be too hard." However, there are several techniques for determining the gender of a Bearded Dragon. The strategy for caring for a bearded dragon is the same, but knowing the bearded dragon's gender is still useful. Let's start with the basics.

    There are various techniques for determining whether a bearded dragon is male or female, some are simpler than others. Seasoned hobbyists can detect a bearded dragon's gender early on, but most pet owners are more fortunate after the bearded dragon is 4-6 months old. Beardies over 1 year of age are the easiest to train, but there are other safe and reliable ways to identify the gender of a young Beardie.

    How to tell if a bearded dragon is male or female?

    "Does my Bearded Dragon look male or female?" One of the first questions you may have about your new bearded dragon is this. In general, the older a bearded dragon gets, the easier it is to determine its gender. Adult bearded dragons have characteristics that young bearded dragons do not have.

    How to tell if a bearded dragon is male or female when it is a baby

    Assume you are a seasoned bearded dragon keeper who knows how to determine the gender of a bearded dragon. In this case, you can determine sex withof the dragon a week after hatching. You can determine the gender of your Bearded Dragon in 5 simple steps. However, not all five processes apply to newborn Bearded Dragons. This is because young male and female dragons do not have the fully formed organs of adult males and females. However, the two characteristics listed below may help distinguish male and female bearded dragons at an early age.

    Half lobes

    Bearded dragons have an internal genitalia called a hemiphen. The unilateral lobes are the clearest way to differentiate between male and female bearded dragons. If you see a bulge on the dragon's belly, it called a hemipen. The unilateral protrusion is located on the back of the bearded dragon's tail. Finding the overhang at an early stage does not affect it. Raise the tail to an oblique angle and gently lift it up. When the tail is lifted, the base of the tail is slightly elongated and the contours of the half lobes are more visible. Male bearded dragons have two grooves extending from their tail to the cloacal orifice, while females have a single protrusion just above the cloacal foramen.

    Flashlight Hemipenal Bulges

    This approach is equivalent to observing the hemipenal bulges in male and female. In this procedure, a torch is used to determine a bearded dragon's sexual characteristics. A flashlight makes it easier to see the overhangs on the floor. Shine a flashlight at the base of the tail and gently raise the tail over its head to see the half lobes more clearly. Males have two shadowed red lobes on the back of their tails and females have one red lobes in the middle.

    Pores of the femur

    The femoral foramen can be observed on the underside of the hind legs of a bearded dragon as a patch. Bearded dragons can interact with other bearded dragons through their pores by releasing pheromones or compounds. These holes are only used during the mating process. Bearded dragons begin to release pheromones from these pores for about a month after breeding, signaling to other bearded dragons that they are ready to mate. And here's a quick one. Did you know that bearded dragons can hibernate in summer as well as winter?

    This hole is present in both male and female bearded dragons, but it doesn't seem to be the same. Here's the answer you've been waiting for. A pore is a patch on the bottom of the leg that runs from the knee. These pores are much more evident in male bearded dragons because they are larger and more vivid in color. The female bearded dragon's pores become smaller and faded, but they are still visible. If you have never seen male and female femoral pores before, this method with photos is the simplest to reference.


    When determining the gender of a bearded dragon, keep an eye on its unique bearded dragon habits. Male and female behave in very different ways. Hissing and stomping are aggressive and domineering behaviors displayed by males. Males also bow their heads and flap their beard more than females. Beard fluff is done to make it look bigger and more dangerous.

    Shaking their heads becomes more difficult when two bearded dragons live together. It is difficult to detect whether a dragon is shaking their head to initiate courtship or to assert control over another dragon. Female tend to be more submissive than male. It is common to see adolescent females raising their arms as a form of submission.

    Despite the fact that female adolescents are more likely to wave their arms to show surrender, so do male adolescents. Females can participate in these activities as well, but males are more likely to engage in head shaking, shaving, and hostility. Consequently, observing bearded dragon behavior to determine gender is the most unreliable method. It also requires a high level of observation and judgment.

    Cloacal orifice

    A vent is another name for a cloacal cavity. A hole used to pass excrement, urate, and eggs on the floor through the hind legs of the bearded dragon. The cloacal cavity in male is larger than in female.

    The size of the cloacal orifice (outlet) is another way to determine the gender of a bearded dragon. Males have a larger cloacal bore due to the presence of two hemiphens at the base of their tails. The female vents are much smaller.

    This is another technique for determining sex of bearded dragons and will be evident in adult bearded dragons.

    You can check the size of the vents by placing the dragon on the table and pulling its tail slightly. You can also open the cloaca by gently pulling the vent cover. This will allow you to see things more clearly.

    What are the main gender differences and markers for bearded dragons?

    • Size of the cloacal orifice (exhaust vent)
    • Pores on the thighs and anus
    • Size of head and beard
    • Unilateral protrusion
    • The base of the tail is thick.

    What is the difference between male and female bearded dragons?

    Adult bearded dragons are sexually dimorphic, meaning males and females have different morphological characteristics. Compared to females, males have two unilateral lobes, an extended femoral foramen, a larger head, a thicker tail, and a darker whisker. All of these distinctions can be detected in adults using the gender discrimination techniques described above. It can detect not only spike expression, but also behavioral changes in males and females.

    Here are some of the simplest ways to differentiate between males and females.

    Head size

    The head of a sexually mature male bearded dragon is wider and stronger than that of a female. The female head is narrower and more pointed than the large, solid male head.

    Also, a male's beard size can provide information about his gender. Male bearded dragons have a larger body and beard than female bearded dragons. However, don't determine the gender of a bearded dragon based solely on the size of its beard. Some female have larger beards than males.

    Tail length

    If your bearded dragon has a hemipen and is male, the thickness of the base of its tail will tell. Male bearded dragons have a larger tail at the base than females.

    The female's tail is thinner at the base than the male's. Use this feature only to identify the gender of a Bearded Dragon that is over 6 months old. This is because the tail base of young males does not thicken until puberty.

    When looking at the dragon's belly from a 90 degree angle, combine the tail base thickness, vent size and hemi-projection capabilities.

    Difference Between Aggressive Behavior and Submissive Behavior

    Male bearded dragons are more territorial and protective than females. Hiss, thumps, beard fluff, and hair shakes are all examples of this. Black beards are also more common in males. Female, especially young people, tend to surrender by waving their arms.


    Bearded dragons, both male and female, have thorns on their beard, heads, and necks. Bearded dragons are protected by spikes that scare away predators. Bearded dragons inflate their bodies to stiffen the spikes and give them a more frightening appearance. Male and female, on the other hand, utilize these spikes in the following ways:

    Males expose their spikes when they are ready to mate.

    Females reveal their thorns when threatened. They are more prone to waving their arms when they are ready to mate.

    At what age do you think you can tell the difference?

    It is difficult to determine the sex of a Bearded Dragon under 8 weeks of age. At this age, regardless of gender, everyone looks the same. At 8 to 12 weeks of age, it is simpler and more likely to accurately determine the gender of a bearded dragon.

    Breeders and breeders with more expertise can mate before 8 weeks of age.

    Beardies can shake a lot when they are young. This makes it more difficult for the owner to handle or determine sex properly without injuring or destroying the tail. However, when the beard is 3 months old, it begins to calm down. This makes sex determination a lot simpler.

    At 3 months of age, if you are still unable to determine sex or want to be sure (eg, an adult), you can wait until your bearded dragon is 12 months old.

    At 12 months of age, male unilateral lobes, increased femoral foramen, larger head, thicker tail, and darker beards are more visible. These sexual characteristics make it much simpler to identify male or female.

    How to tell if a Bearded Dragon is male or female at birth?

    Male and female bearded dragons are difficult to distinguish when they are young. When determining the gender of newborn bearded dragons, results may sometimes be different. Most gender-determining techniques fail because the bearded dragon's childhood is not yet fully mature. For sex-accurate information, it's best to wait until the Bearded Dragon is 8 weeks old. Interestingly, knowing the bearded dragon's age makes it easy to identify its gender.

    Tail size and half lobes are two techniques for determining the gender of newborn bearded dragon. For baby bearded dragons, protrusions can be estimated in the same way as for adults. To do this, you need to inspect the unilateral protrusion using a flashlight. Because juvenile lobes are inconspicuous, you'll need a flashlight to probe the lobes' shadows. A female bearded dragon with one lobe is a female, and a male bearded dragon with two lobes is a male.


    Wait until your bearded dragon is at least 5 months old before deciding on the gender. If you buy a newborn bearded dragon that is less than 3 months old and the seller gives you the gender, he is most likely lying. It could be a guess.

    Femoral and pre-anus foramen and hemipen are the most accurate techniques for determining the sex of a bearded dragon. Place the Bearded Dragon on the table and study it by carefully pulling its tail. If the Bearded Dragon is not afraid, you can also use a flashlight to complete the task.

    Now you know how to identify a male or female bearded dragon. This information is more than just interesting. It has the potential to change the way you build the tank for your bearded dragons. Even if the pet store tells you the dragon's gender, you'll have to double-check it yourself. This is especially true if you plan to share the tank with another bearded dragon.

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    About the author

    I am Paige and I love pets. I have a bearded dragon and a husky. My bearded dragon's name is Bart and he is a lot of fun. He likes to eat crickets and play in his cage. My husky's name is Sandy and she is a lot of fun, too. She likes to run and play in the park. I love taking them for walks and playing with them. They are both a big part of my family.
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