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How to take care of a Guinea Pig?

How to take care of a guinea pig?

Guinea pigs are sociable pets that need to be socialized regularly. They are rats with a lot of vocabulary that communicate by vocalizing different sounds with different meanings. 'Popcorn', which floats in the air when they are jumping with joy, is one of their unusual activities. There are over 20 recognized breeds of guinea pigs with and without hair.


    Guinea pigs like to have a regular schedule of days to play, eat and rest. Guinea pigs hide under objects, but come out when humans approach their habitat. Guinea pigs are active and playful pets, but they need time to adapt and socialize to new situations.

    They have open roots that continue to develop throughout life. Chewing on hay, mineral chewing food, chewing sticks, as well as toys and snacks that stimulate chewing will prevent tooth wear and maturation of dental problems. A decent home for one guinea pig would be a inescapable 36" x 30" wide x 18" high ventilated habitat, with a solid floor to prevent foot sores, and plenty of space for exercise and play. It should be feasible.

    Creating a Habitat for Guinea Pigs

    Guinea pigs adapt well to normal domestic temperatures. Nevertheless, the ambient temperature should not exceed 80°F as guinea pigs are prone to overheating. Do not place the habitat in direct sunlight or in a well-ventilated environment.

    Bedding - Habitat should be lined with 1-2 inches of bedding. High-quality paper-based bedding, such as commercially-supplied shredded or pelleted paper bedding designed to absorb waste, is required for proper bedding. Paper bedding is chosen over wooden bedding because it is easily digested. Eating wooden bedding can cause stomach upset. Oils in cedar-based products may irritate the skin and respiratory tract of guinea pigs.

    For quarantine purposes, guinea pigs must be provided with a lair. In their habitat, each guinea pig must have its own hide. A suitable concealment box is a commercially available hide box made of hard plastic, wood, edible material or chewable cardboard.

    What should guinea pigs eat?

    The following foods make up a balanced guinea pig diet:

    We provide high-quality pellet feed for guinea pigs (about 14 cups per day) in limited quantities.

    Unlimited Timothy Hay (or other grass hay such as orchard grass, oat or meadow hay)

    Alfalfa hay has a higher calcium, fat and protein content and is suitable for developing young guinea pigs, breastfeeding and captive guinea pigs, but should not be given to adults except under special treatment. Adults who consume too much alfalfa are at risk of becoming obese and developing bladder stones.

    For guinea pigs, leafy vegetables and bell peppers are great sources of vitamin C. Occasionally, small amounts of high-fiber fruits such as apples and pears can be served as snacks. Excessive fruit or granular foods contain too many carbohydrates, which can disrupt the regular bacterial balance in your guinea pig's digestive tract. It can also cause diarrhea, bloating, and loss of appetite.

    Because guinea pigs cannot produce vitamin C, they need 30-50 mg of vitamin C per day from high-quality pelleted foods, vitamin C supplements, and vegetables rich in vitamin C.

    Supply water bottles with clean, fresh, filtered, chlorine-free water that is changed daily.

    When feeding guinea pigs, keep the following in mind:

    Fresh food, timothy or other grass hay and water must be provided regularly and always accessible.

    A moderate portion of fresh vegetables and fruits can be provided daily, but should not make up more than 10% of the total diet.

    If vegetables and fruits are not consumed within 10 hours, they may deteriorate and cause disease if ingested.

    Chocolate, coffee and alcohol are harmful to guinea pigs and can lead to serious medical problems and even death. Sugar and high-fat snacks should be avoided as the guinea pig's digestive process is not designed to handle it.

    How to care for a guinea pig?

    Guinea pigs are clean and require little bathing, but if necessary, they can be cleaned using a damp towel and mild chemical-free soap (rinse thoroughly) or unscented baby wipes.

    You can use a soft brush to comb the hair. Comb your long-haired guinea pig several times a week to reduce hair intake and prevent tangling.

    Applying a small amount of a non-toxic aloe-based lotion to the skin of a hairless guinea pig will help keep the skin supple.

    A guinea pig's nails should be trimmed about once a month.

    The enamel on the teeth of other rodents is yellow, but the enamel on the teeth of a guinea pig should be white. Guinea pigs with discolored teeth should see a veterinarian.

    Consult your veterinarian if your guinea pig's teeth or claws seem too long, drool excessively, or spill food when eating.

    • hay rack
    • chew on wood
    • Chewable Minerals
    • toy
    • secret hideout
    • bedding
    • Hay from Timothy or other grasses
    • water bottle/food bowl
    • vitamin C supplement
    • chewing tube made of cardboard
    • nail clippers and soft brush
    • suitable sized habitat
    • goods
    • Excellent quality pelletized guinea pig feed
    • treatment

    Where can I get guinea pigs?

    Guinea pigs can be purchased from Petco. Please call ahead to confirm availability of preferred seats.

    Guinea Pigs Habitat Companion

    If guinea pigs are bred together, they can remain in same-sex pairs. Otherwise, set aside adult guinea pigs. Because guinea pigs reproduce rapidly at the age of a few months, males and females should not be kept together unless the males have been neutered and the females neutered. Small animals of different types should not be kept together. In particular, rabbits and guinea pigs should never be kept together as they contain bacteria in the respiratory system that can make the other sick.

    Guinea pig health conditions includes:

    • itchy and scaly skin
    • skin lesions
    • Can walk
    • uncommon hair loss
    • coma
    • Diarrhea or dirty floor
    • Breathing is not difficult.
    • drool
    • Eat and drink regularly.
    • There is not enough feces.
    • Normal granular stool is passed. Healthy hair and skin (no itching, no hair loss)
    • hard breathing
    • shortness of breath
    • Active, vigilant, and sociable
    • discharge from the eyes or nose
    • teeth out of their own space
    • The red flag creaks as a means of communication. (Consult your veterinarian if you experience any of these symptoms.)
    • No discharge from the eyes, nose, or mouth (mucous discharge is normal)
    • weight loss

    Caring for guinea pigs

    You need hay. I need a lot! It is the preferred meal of your new guinea pig and can eat a variety of foods. Hay racks are used to deliver hay. (The hay a guinea pig eats is like bedding, and you don't want your new guinea pig to snack on the mattress!)

    Fill your guinea pig's feeding dish with fresh hay every day. Add a salad to your daily meal with kale, collard greens, zucchini or shredded carrot pork. Give your children a fruit snack (papaya, banana or mango) once a week. Have them snack on raisins and alfalfa twice a week. A healthy guinea pig diet consists of approximately 20% vegetables and 5% fruits. Guinea pigs cannot store or produce vitamin C. Daily supplements can help.

    Your guinea pig will eat whatever you give them, but if it's been sitting on their plate for more than 4 hours, it's time to get rid of it. Also change bedding once a month and clean food and drink containers regularly.

    Getting Started with Guinea Pigs

    The bigger we are, the more guinea pigs we have. If you are planning to breed, you will need at least 1200 cm2 of floor area with walls for one female. If you are producing guinea pigs, you need 3 to 4 times this area. Ask your local Petbarn representative about the ideal enclosure.

    For bedding, put newspaper and soft grass hay on the fence. Hang beverage bottles with spouts facing inward on the outside of the enclosure. You need a chunky food plate and a secret house and toys.

    Keep enclosure out of reach of other animals and avoid drafts and bright sunlight. Guinea pigs are susceptible to heat stress, so provide adequate heat protection. Do not expose guinea pigs to temperatures exceeding 25°C for extended periods of time. A temperature of 18–25°C is ideal for these animals.

    Clean the guinea pig cage daily and once every 2-3 days. Change bedding, clean the cage with hot water, and disinfect accessories such as toys and soda bottles. Travel cages may suffice as a temporary home for guinea pigs while cleaning.

    To stay healthy, you need to regularly hay your new pet as food and bedding. Chewing also prevents teeth from getting too long. You can find hay for guinea pigs in the local Petbarn.

    Vegetables like broccoli, cabbage and celery and herbs like mint, parsley and coriander will appeal to your pet. If you collect plants in your yard, make sure they are pesticide free. Because these chemicals can hurt your pet. Remember to discard any fruit or vegetable that has been in the cage for more than 24 hours.

    They can also give you guinea pig pills that you can find at your local Petbarn. It should only be used to enhance other meal items and not the only source of nutrition. Feeding guinea pigs grains, cereals or nuts can cause intestinal problems.

    Guinea pigs cannot produce vitamin C on their own. Certain vegetables contain vitamin C, but you need to supplement your dog's diet to stay healthy.

    A guinea pig requires around 100 ml of water each day, therefore it is essential to replace their water on a regular basis. Water dishes may be untidy and are often spilled over, therefore we recommend installing a hanging water dispenser. It's recommended to change your guinea pig's water every morning, but keep an eye on it if it's hot outside.

    You will need the following items for your guinea pigs:

    • Hideout (buy from the store or use small pots)
    • Bedding made of aspen, pine or recycled paper (except cedar, dangerous for pets!)
    • Timothy hay, orchard grass, or oat grass are all good choices.
    • food bowl
    • Water bottle
    • Hard-bottomed cage (minimum 24 x 12 x 12 inches)
    • hay rack
    • chew toy

    Before bringing your new guinea pig home, make sure the enclosure is provided with toys and snacks. If the environment is in a quiet, isolated location away from larger pets, your new guinea pig will be very pleased. Keep your residence away from well-ventilated windows as it helps maintain body temperature.

    Guinea pigs love to cuddle, but give them time to adjust on the first day they get home. Speak softly and calmly to your new pet. I also like to gently stroke my hair. Are you still anxious? do not worry. After 15 minutes, give the guinea pig another chance.

    Conclusion:

    Guinea pigs are excellent pets since they are gregarious and like to be in groups. Avoid mixing sexes if you're introducing more than one guinea pig into your household. Men who have never met before will almost always fight, but males who have grown up together may not. If you're raising guinea pigs in a group, make sure they're all single-sex or desexed, since this may reduce hostility. Desexing your guinea pig may also lower their risk of sickness, lengthen their lifetime, calm them down, and prevent them from reproducing. This may be done for your new pet at your local Greencross Vets. Your guinea pigs will need a secure environment, a well-balanced food, and plenty of love and care. So be ready to shower your gorgeous new companions with love and devotion.

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    About the author

    I am Paige and I love pets. I have a bearded dragon and a husky. My bearded dragon's name is Bart and he is a lot of fun. He likes to eat crickets and play in his cage. My husky's name is Sandy and she is a lot of fun, too. She likes to run and play in the park. I love taking them for walks and playing with them. They are both a big part of my family.
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